Finger joint pain is one of the symptoms everyone has ever encountered. Sore joints will cause difficulties in daily activities, so why are your fingers aching?
Osteoarthritis is generally referred to as OA, which is the phenomenon of cartilage in the middle of joints being worn down to the extent that bones are rubbed against each other when there is no middle cartilage. Too much friction between the joints leads to inflammation and pain, and the joints are now hardened.
Finger joint disease is the most common location of arthritis in the joints in the human body. They usually occur at the tip of the finger (DIP), the coupling between the fingers (PIP), the wrist joint and the thumb.
Although this is not a life-threatening disease, this situation, if prolonged, will cause negative effects on daily life. Complications of osteoarthritis can occur are hand deformation, loss of motor function, muscle atrophy, the most dangerous is permanent disability.
The main cause of this condition is the aging of the joints. The process of bone wear and tear over a long period of time causes chronic inflammation and joint pain in the fingers. In addition, the disease may occur due to the effects of external forces directly affecting the knuckles.
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Factors that increase your risk for common finger arthritis:
- Genetics: When you have a parent or grandparent with a history of osteoarthritis, arthritis, be careful because you are also at high risk for this disease.
- Age: Elderly people have a very high rate of arthritis pain, so it is necessary to protect the health of osteoarthritis carefully to limit the risk of hand arthritis.
- Gender: According to statistics, the number of women with arthritis in fingers is much higher than in men.
- Work: Workers, office workers, people who have jobs that often need to use their wrists and fingers to carry or type computers for long periods are susceptible to this disease.
- Injury: Dangerous injuries in the area near the joints of the hands that can cause sequelae of finger joints.
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When the knuckles are healthy, the cartilage at the end of the metatarsal allows you to perform activities more easily. When you have arthritis of the hands (wrists, fingers), these cartilage will degenerate and lead to joint pain, stiffness ... Most patients in this case will experience symptoms of inflammation, pain. Finger joints are accompanied by the following symptoms:
- There are painful pains with varying degrees of inflammation at the site, the pain will increase if you move your hand.
- Weak grip or loss of grip control of fingers.
- Swelling and pain in the knuckles, swelling around the knuckle joint.
- The movements of the knuckles will be limited, less flexible.
- Frequent stiffness in the morning when waking up.
There are many ways to treat arthritis of the hands today, depending on the situation of each patient that should apply appropriate treatment.
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When you visit a hospital and are diagnosed with arthritis by a doctor, your doctor will usually prescribe medicines for you. Some commonly used arthritis medicines are:
- Painkillers: naproxen, Ibuprofen, ...
- Anti-inflammatory drugs: indomethacin, diclofenac, oxicams ...
- Injectable corticosteroids: apply to some severe cases
The pain will increase if you move your hands, so look for appropriate treatment.
Exercises performed to support the treatment of gentle finger joint pain reduce pain and swelling caused by finger joints.
- Finger knuckle exercise: Bend all of your fingers fully, then straighten your fingers. This simple exercise, repeated repeatedly for about 10 minutes a day, will help you improve your finger joint health.
- Fist exercise: Clench my hand into a fist and stretch out slowly. Pay attention to work slowly and slowly, effectively reducing pain.
- Finger touch exercises: Use the thumb to touch the remaining fingers one after the other. Practice persistent exercise, but when you stretch your fingers and it hurts, stop.
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