Why do people have nosebleeds?

Articles Sep 20, 2019 12:26

Bloody nose can be caused by minor damage to the inside of the nose, but this can also be a manifestation of many other more serious illnesses that you need to be aware of.

Nasal fluids, or mucus, are produced by the body to fight viruses and bacteria. When you are unwell, your nose may bleed to indicate that. According to the ear, nose and throat specialist, if you have the phenomenon of bloody nasal discharge, bleed out the nose, you may have one of the following conditions. 

Bloody nose - what is the cause?

Nose bleeding occurs when the mucosa is damaged, blood vessels build scratched, broken or torn causing bleeding. Often, when the nose bleeds many people often think of nosebleeds. However, according to specialists, bleeding rhinitis is a warning sign of health problems, especially in the respiratory tract.

Why do people have nosebleeds?

Diseases related to the nose

- Injury to the nose: The cause may be due to dry nose when the weather is cold, blowing nose too hard or traumatic nose causing bleeding.

- Allergic rhinitis: Patients may sneeze, runny nose, runny nose may be mixed with blood, cough ... due to body contact with allergens such as dust, pollen, animal hair ... Allergic rhinitis is a common disease in the spring.

- Nasopharyngeal discharge: Symptoms of nasopharyngeal discharge include sneezing, runny nose, frequent stuffy nose, shortness of breath ... In severe cases, patients will have edema of nasal mucosa. in nasal discharge fresh blood, loss of ability to smell, ...

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- Sinusitis: Patients with sinusitis often have symptoms such as frequent nasal discharge that may be thick or thin, and a fishy odor. Nasal discharge is yellow or green, sometimes with blood.

- Nasal polyps: Patients with deformed nose due to the appearance of proliferating tumors in the nasal mucosa or sinus cavities. Besides, patients also have other symptoms such as stuffy nose, bloody nose, headache, tinnitus, hearing impairment.

- Sinus nasal cancer: Patients with typical symptoms are dull face pain, fever, yellow nasal discharge mixed with blood. This condition can be life-threatening if not treated properly and promptly.

Why do people have nosebleeds?

- Nasal congestion or respiratory infection: You may blow your nose from blood due to a stuffy or respiratory infection. Frequent blowing your nose, sneezing or coughing due to breathing conditions can cause blood vessels to burst. You may have a stuffy nose or respiratory infection due to a common cold, allergies, sinusitis or other health condition.

- Tumors in the nose: Although very rare, bleeding from the nose may be due to a tumor in the nose. Other symptoms of tumors in the nose include: Pain around the eyes, stuffy nose that gradually gets worse

Watch next: What Causes Nosebleeds?

Other medical conditions

- Abnormal nose structure: Abnormal nose structure can cause you to bleed. Specific conditions that cause nosebleeds such as deviated septum, septum opening, bone spurs or broken nose. In addition, these conditions cause the nose not enough moisture, leading to bleeding.

- Injury or nose surgery: Any trauma or surgical intervention in the nose or face can cause bleeding when you blow your nose.

In addition, the phenomenon of bloody nose can also be caused by some cardiovascular diseases or blood cancer. Bloody nose during pregnancy is also a common phenomenon.

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External agent

- Dry and cold weather: Cold and dry weather can injure nasal vessels because there is not enough moisture in the nose. Dry nose can also slow the healing of broken blood vessels and lead to a nasal infection. This can cause frequent bleeding.

- Nasal pickage: Nose picking can damage the blood vessels in this organ. Especially in children, nose picking is a common cause of nosebleeds.

Why do people have nosebleeds?

- Foreign objects in the nose: You may also have nose and blood vessel injuries if there are foreign objects in the nose. This cause is also common in young children, because they can put anything in the nose. The tip of the nasal spray device may also get stuck in the nose. According to the study, 5% of the participants, using steroid sprays to treat allergic and non-allergic rhinitis, had nosebleeds for two months.

- Exposure to chemicals: Blood vessels in the nose may be damaged by the use of drugs such as cocaine or exposure to chemicals such as ammonia.

- Medications: You may bleed from your nose due to certain medications. Blood thinners such as aspirin, warfarin and others interfere with blood clotting and can lead to bleeding when blowing your nose.

Watch next: Why Do We Get Nosebleeds?

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