What disease may increase the risk of SARS-CoV-2 virus infection?

Articles Apr 18, 2020 12:30

People with pre-existing health conditions and a history of chronic illness are at higher risk for viral infections.

Acute respiratory infection caused by new strain SARS-CoV-2 is an acute infectious disease. Patients with symptoms of fever, cough, shortness of breath, severe pneumonia, can cause acute respiratory failure and the risk of death, especially in people with chronic medical conditions, background disease. Up to now, there is no specific treatment and preventive vaccine.

A preliminary study from the Carlos III Health Institute in Spain - a country with more than 94,000 cases and about 8,300 deaths due to Covid-19 - shows that the infection rate in men is slightly higher, accounting for 52 %, while women account for 48%. According to this study, the number of male deaths is almost double that of female deaths.

Therefore, to prevent the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and to avoid affecting the lives, people who have the following conditions need to increase resistance and limit contact with SARS -CoV-2.

What disease may increase the risk of SARS-CoV-2 virus infection?

Who is most vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2?

People 65 years and older

The risk of death increases with age, 31-59% of people aged 65-84 will be hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2 and 4-11% will need special care.

Elderly people are more susceptible and more likely to die from SARS-CoV-2 due to age-related decline in immune function, complications, and impaired lung function. According to an out-of-age health expert, other factors that make a patient vulnerable or die are nutrition, sleep and exercise problems.

Obesity

Obesity has also emerged as a cause of concern in recent times. The American Heart University has listed obesity as a high-risk factor for people with SARS-CoV-2. According to the CDC assessment, 42.2% of the population, or about 140 million Americans, are obese.

What disease may increase the risk of SARS-CoV-2 virus infection?

The immune system of obese people does not have the ability to fight infections as well as those of moderate weight. Therefore, obesity causes many health disorders, increasing the risk and severity of SARS-CoV-2 such as hypertension and heart disease ...

Hormones

Hormones can also be an influencing factor. According to a 2017 study by the University of Iowa (USA), among rats infected with the SARS virus, males die more, and female rats with ovaries are also more likely to die, suggesting that estrogen may have a role in coping with virus.

Persons with immunodeficiency

If you are immunocompromised, you are being treated for cancer, you are at higher risk for getting SARS-CoV-2 virus. Because people with weakened immune systems have a weak immune system, making them unable to fight off infections, increasing the risk of infection.

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People with chronic lung disease

People with chronic lung disease, asthma, bronchiectasis, pulmonary fibrosis and other lung diseases are considered to be at high risk for SARS-CoV-2.

What disease may increase the risk of SARS-CoV-2 virus infection?

People with cardiovascular disease

The respiratory and cardiovascular systems are closely linked, so having a history of or having cardiovascular disease will also increase the risk of infection. Cardiovascular patients who are infected with SARS-CoV-2 virus will recover more difficult.

People with diabetes

In the United States, more than 34 million people have diabetes, or 10.5% of the population. About 46% of adults in the country have high blood pressure. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes both cause abnormally high blood sugar levels, increasing the likelihood of viral infections. 

People with liver disease

Covid-19 can complicate pre-existing liver disease, increase liver enzymes and worsen liver disease, including viral liver diseases.

What disease may increase the risk of SARS-CoV-2 virus infection?

People with chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease may increase the risk of serious illness and death in people with SARS-CoV-2.

If you have a weakened immune system or are currently being treated for cancer, you are at higher risk for getting SARS-CoV-2 virus. In addition, patients with diabetes, lung or cardiovascular disease will get worse. At the same time, healthy young people are still at high risk of contracting Covid-19, so all precautions are always recommended.

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