The leading causes of high blood cholesterol

Articles Apr 11, 2020 12:21

High cholesterol is a serious problem for human health. However, not all cholesterol is bad, it is important to understand what foods are high in cholesterol to improve your health.

Cholesterol is a type of lipid in the body. It is like a waxy substance, similar to the fat that your liver naturally makes. It is important for the formation of cell membranes, making certain hormones and for forming vitamin D.

Cholesterol is insoluble in water, so it cannot pass through the blood to other organs in the body. To help ease cholesterol transport, your liver produces Lipoprotein, a cholesterol-neutralizing substance that makes it easier to transport through the blood.

The leading causes of high blood cholesterol

There are 3 common types of cholesterol in the body. They are all forms of lipoprotein (a combination of protein and lipid). Each type of cholesterol will have different uses and purposes, as follows:

- HDL (High Density Cholesterol): Sometimes it is also called Cholesterol. Because it helps bring bad cholesterol back to the liver to be eliminated from the body. This will help prevent the risk of plaque forming in your blood vessels.

- LDL (Low Density Cholesterol): It is also known as bad cholesterol, which is bad for the body. The dense accumulation of this type will increase plaque in the blood vessels, thereby leading to a series of dangerous cardiovascular diseases that can be acquired.

- VLDL (Very low density cholesterol): This is also a form of cholesterol that is harmful to the body, but a lower rate than LDL. Because LDL is mainly made up of cholesterol, VLDL is mainly made up of triglycerides.

What causes high blood cholesterol?

1. Unhealthy living habits

- Sitting a lot, being sedentary, especially for office workers and people working with computers, driving cars, etc., is likely to raise blood cholesterol levels. Bad cholesterol will increase and beneficial amount will be reduced.

- Little exercise, sleeping much also affects metabolic activity in the body. This makes you more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases caused by high cholesterol.

The leading causes of high blood cholesterol

2. Unreasonable diet

- Eating too much fat makes the body obese, overweight. This will cause the body to accumulate high levels of harmful cholesterol, which is harmful to health.

- Eating a variety of fast food, fried foods a lot also contribute to increasing the types of cholesterol harmful to the body.

- Using toxic substances, stimulants, drinking a lot of alcohol will also increase bad cholesterol for the body.

3. Disease, age

- Older people often suffer from diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, liver and kidney disease, etc.These diseases affect the amount of cholesterol in the body.

- High age makes the functions of the body decline. Since then the harmful cholesterol is not eliminated and accumulated in the body to cause illness.

The leading causes of high blood cholesterol

4. Genetic factors

- Genetic factors can affect high cholesterol levels in the blood. Because some family genes are passed down, they can control how cholesterol is absorbed and resolved.

Complications from having high cholesterol in the blood

In the long term, high cholesterol in the blood will cause a series of health problems, such as:

- Atherosclerosis causes myocardial infarction, heart failure, stroke

- Artery stenosis makes it difficult for blood to flow, causing heart attack, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.

- High blood pressure

- Arrhythmia

- Affects brain, liver and kidney

Watch next: LDL and HDL Cholesterol | Good and Bad Cholesterol

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