The best places to travel in Poland: Top 10 Poland tourist attractions that are recognized by UNESCO

Articles Nov 05, 2019 13:29

UNESCO heritage sites are unique and beautiful cultural or natural heritages. Poland has 14 of the 1031 world heritage sites recognized by UNESCO.

These 10 sites are all unique Polish tourist destinations that you should absolutely visit when coming to Poland.

Top places to visit in Poland

Krakow 

The best places to travel in Poland: Top 10 Poland tourist attractions that are recognized by UNESCO

Krakow's ancient citadel is one of the first Polish tourist destinations recognized by UNESCO in 1978. It is one of the largest and oldest Polish cities, also the capital of this country in the XV and XVI centuries. . The citadel is surrounded by ancient walls, Wawel hills, Kazimierz and Stradom. The castle in the center of the hill was formerly the residence of Polish kings. Inside were the rooms of the palace, boxes of treasures or weapons. In the church of Wawel, there are remains of more than a dozen Polish kings such as Władysław Łokietek, Kazimierz Wielki, Zygmunt August, etc.This Polish tourist destination always attracts a large number of tourists every year.

Royal salt mines in Wieliczka and Bochnia

The Wieliczka salt mine is one of 14 UNESCO-approved Polish sites, many of which date back to the middle ages. In addition, the Bochnia salt mine was added in 2013. The Wieliczka salt mine is one of the largest salt mines in Poland. It lies 305 meters deep underground, this building is a dim maze with many rooms, lakes, stables, a chapel and even a large auditorium.

The best places to travel in Poland: Top 10 Poland tourist attractions that are recognized by UNESCO

This particular Polish tourist destination is all sculpted from salt. The rooms in the mine are all decorated with elaborate sculptures, the most astonishing perhaps a reproduction of Leona de Vinci's "The Last Supper" painting carved on a salt wall. The chandelier of the chapel is also carved from salt, looking like glass. This is like a real fantasy project.

Auschwitz-Birkenau - German concentration camp

The best places to travel in Poland: Top 10 Poland tourist attractions that are recognized by UNESCO

German concentration and massacre camp was included in the UNESCO list in 1979. Previously, this was the site of the largest massacre in human history. Today it is a tourist destination in Poland. The camp included Auschwitz I (first camp), Auschwitz II – Birkenau (a combination of concentration camps and extermination camps), Auschwitz III – Monowitz (labor camps that supply the IG Farben factory), and 45 camps satellite. Here you can see the prison cells, barbed wire fences, watchtowers, gas chambers, crematoriums and many evidence of crimes such as collected prisoners' hair, hair. who was cut before entering the chamber

Puszcza Białowieska

The best places to travel in Poland: Top 10 Poland tourist attractions that are recognized by UNESCO

Puszcza Bialowieska Conservation Forest is an area located in the territory of Poland and Bach Nga. Mostly primary forest with pointed leaves. In the Puszcza Białowieska nature reserve, there are more than 800 types of vascular plants (rośliny naczyniowe), more than 3000 types of spore-type plants (rośliny zarodnikowe) and mushrooms, 120 species of birds and 60 species of mammals (ssak). The animal alone has 33 protected species. In the forest, it is possible to meet European bison (żubry europejskie - the most abundant in the world), leopard (rys), żubi, deer, badger (borsuk), ferrets, and water turtles. Now this forest is a Polish tourist site protected and allowed to visit

Ancient citadel in Warsaw

The best places to travel in Poland: Top 10 Poland tourist attractions that are recognized by UNESCO

The city of Warsaw is a special example of a complete reconstruction from a state of complete destruction. In 1944, during the Warsaw uprising, 85% of the houses of the old citadel were in ruins. After that, the restoration of the medieval streets, the main ancient structures of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, as well as the rest of the defensive walls of the XIII-XVI centuries were carried out. After the capital moved from Krakow, this was where the Polish kings lived. Currently, this is the most popular Polish tourist destination in this country.

Zamość Fortress 

The best places to travel in Poland: Top 10 Poland tourist attractions that are recognized by UNESCO

UNESCO put it on the list in 1992. Renaissance-style city, which retains the old street system, the rest of the defensive city and many construction monuments. It is a combination of the architectural traditions of the Apenin Peninsula (Półwysp Apeniński) and Central Europe.

The Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

The best places to travel in Poland: Top 10 Poland tourist attractions that are recognized by UNESCO

The castle of the Teutonic knights was inscribed on the UNESCO list in 1997. It is Europe's largest defense. The defensive wall on the banks of the Nogat dates back to the 13th century. It began to be rebuilt in 1309, its construction lasted for up to 40 years, and the castle used for the Teutonic Knights came in the mid-fifteenth century, after which it was owned by Polish kings. When the Republic was divided, the castle was gradually damaged. This defensive citadel was rebuilt slowly starting in the late 19th century, early 20th century and after 1945. In 1961 it was the headquarters of the Castle Museum.

Kalwaria Zebrzydowska

The best places to travel in Poland: Top 10 Poland tourist attractions that are recognized by UNESCO

It has been on the UNESCO list since 1999, this Polish tourist destination is the architecture and landscape of the pilgrim park. The church and convent of the Bernardyn Order, as well as the place of worship of Mary and the Lord's corpse at the foot of Mount Żar are called "Jeruzalem of Poland". Nearly one million pilgrims come here every year. The road for pilgrims is 5 km long, and the entire area occupies an area of ​​six square kilometers. From the 17th century to the present, many works have remained almost unchanged.

The Churches of Peace in Jawor and Świdnica

The best places to travel in Poland: Top 10 Poland tourist attractions that are recognized by UNESCO

Hoa Binh Church was listed on the UNESCO list in 2001. This is the largest religious construction with wooden frame structure in Europe. The Hoa Binh churches are very large in size. At the Jawor church at the ceremony it can accommodate up to six thousand people, while in Świdnica is three thousand. The church in Jawor is also known for its annual Peace Concert. Inside the church we can admire a podium-style pulpit, an organ made from the 17th century and an extremely precious wooden church made on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the church's construction.

The Wooden Churches of Southern Malopolska

The best places to travel in Poland: Top 10 Poland tourist attractions that are recognized by UNESCO

This Polish tourist destination was added to the UNESCO list in 2003. It consists of six churches in the villages of Binarowa, Blizne, Dębno, Haczów, Lipnica Murowana and Sękowa. This is a gathering place of ancient wooden churches ranked second in Europe after the churches in Norway. Most of these churches are along the Wood Architecture Route. They were built using grafting techniques that have been popular in Northern and Eastern Europe since the Middle Ages

Watch next: 15 Things You Didn't Know About Poland

Source: duhocbalan.com

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