Nasopharyngeal cancer is one of the most dangerous diseases currently. Therefore, if the following signs of throat cancer are detected, immediately go to the hospital for health check and early treatment in the early stages, the chances of survival are high, up to 72%.
Nasopharyngeal cancer is a rare form of head and neck cancer, occurring in the palate, that is, the upper part of the throat behind the nose. The nose and throat are placed "precariously" on the base of the skull, above the roof of the mouth.Nasal opening with nasopharynx. When you breathe, air enters the nose and goes to the throat and throat, then enters the lungs. Nasopharyngeal cancer is also called nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Nasopharyngeal cancer is a dangerous disease, many people suffer from. Do you know the symptoms and precautions for this disease?
If you have a cough and sputum with bloody sputum, check with the hospital right away as this can be a sign of throat cancer. Some less serious diseases such as pneumonia, laryngitis, bronchitis can also cause symptoms of blood mixed with sputum. These diseases are completely curable with prompt medical intervention. However, this symptom may also be a sign of some extremely dangerous diseases such as throat cancer, lung cancer.
In particular, if this symptom occurs in people over the age of 40, who have had a history of smoking for many years, they should be vigilant because these people are at higher risk for nasopharyngeal cancer or lung cancer.
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Nasopharyngeal cancer can cause coughing, coughing up bloody sputum. The reason is that tumors in the nasopharynx constantly grow, invade the nasal arch, cause necrosis and rupture of blood vessels causing bleeding.
Usually, when the invasive throat tumor phenomenon causes a burst of a blood vessel as above, the patient may experience nosebleeds or bloody nose. However, due to the nasal sinus associated with the oral cavity, patients can also swallow the nasal discharge and spit out the mouth causing coughing up bloody sputum.
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Although lung cancer can also have sputum and blood, with lung cancer, this is the first sign of early disease. In nasopharyngeal cancer, sputum and bloody cough are signs of advanced disease or metastases. So patients who see this sign need urgent medical examination to race against time.
- There is a tumor in the nose or neck
- There is blood in saliva
- Sore throat
- Shortness of breath or difficulty speaking
- Stuffy nose
- Hearing loss
- Frequent ear infections
Note that these symptoms may warn of other illnesses, which are less dangerous than nasopharyngeal cancer. If you have any signs, see your health care provider. Only a doctor can determine if you have nasopharyngeal cancer or not.
The doctor will choose the treatment method and prognosis depending on factors such as stage of disease, type of disease, tumor size, age and health of the patient.
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The doctor will use three standard treatments, including:
- Radiation therapy: Using high-energy beams, such as X-rays or protons, to kill cancer cells;
- Chemotherapy: Doctors use drugs that use chemicals to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs can be in pill form, intravenous infusion or both. Your doctor may use chemotherapy to treat throat cancer at the same time, after or before radiation therapy;
- Surgery: Doctors usually do not perform surgery to treat throat cancer. However, the doctor may use this method to remove lymphoma of the neck.
In many cases, nasopharyngeal cancer cannot be effectively treated, but take the following precautions to reduce the risk of the disease getting worse.
- Avoid eating fish and salted meat
- No smoking
- Do not drink alcohol
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