Fatty blood disease, which is considered the cause of many life-threatening diseases, is on the rise. This is the cause, the signs and how to prevent it.
Currently, high cholesterol (often called hyperlipidemia) has become one of the four main risk factors (hypertension, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and hyperuric acid) that threaten the health of patients. , especially with the trend of rejuvenating diseases, the situation has become more serious recently.
As one of the chronic diseases that tend to increase rapidly in recent times, cholesterol is a disease closely related to our daily lifestyle.
According to a survey of the nutritional status and health of Chinese people, the diet structure is unreasonable, with the consumption of too much meat and fat, while the consumption of cereals short.
The unreasonable diet structure has led to excessive intake of saturated fatty acids and cholesterol, and the incidence of high cholesterol has significantly increased.
Hyperlipidemia usually does not have typical clinical manifestations and clinical signs, most of which are detected only during the blood test.
In many cases, after suffering from atherosclerosis, damaged target organs, coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and other conditions appear, people only discover that they have hyperlipidemia. blood at the same time with those diseases.
High cholesterol is harmful to health because of dyslipidemia is an important risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
After blood lipid levels increase or change, it can deposit under the blood vessels, causing atherosclerosis, increasing plaque in the blood vessels and causing narrowing of blood vessels, causing ischemia and even Multiple target organ infarctions, leading to many cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Increased morbidity and mortality in coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease.
If atherosclerosis occurs in arteries, plaque appears in the blood vessels, leaving tissues and organs not adequately supplied with blood and oxygen, which will cause a range of diseases.
For example, common cerebral infarction, hypertension, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, peripheral artery stenosis, etc., these are all atherosclerotic and are very dangerous.
People need to care and should be monitored promptly blood fat index. The diagnosis of blood fat index is relatively simple.
You only need to go to the hospital in the morning on an empty stomach for blood tests to check your lipid level. The test criteria include: Hypercholesterolemia: the total cholesterol content in serum increases, exceeds 5.72 mmol / L and triglyceride levels are normal, ie triglycerides <1.70 mmol / L;
Hypertriglyceridemia: Serum triglycerides The Ester content increases, exceeds 1.70 mmol / L and the total cholesterol level is normal;
Hyperlipidemia: The total amount of cholesterol and triglyceride in the serum increases, that is, the total amount of cholesterol exceeds 5.72 mmol / L, triglycerides exceeding 1.70 mmol / liter;
High density lipoproteinemia decreased: the concentration of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-cholesterol) in serum decreased, <0.9 mmol / liter.
For patients with hyperlipidemia, attention should be paid to proper diet and moderate exercise in daily activities, in principle, control your mouth and move your feet (i.e., eat and drink). and practice properly).
For patients with no family history or hypertension, simple diet control can significantly reduce serum triglycerides and total cholesterol.
In addition, for patients with hyperlipidemia, emphasis should be placed on limiting the intake of meats, eggs, grease and sweets, while maintaining normal daily activities and not eating greasy foods. , sweets and offal.
For people with hypertension, diabetes, stroke, coronary heart disease or arteriosclerosis (carotid artery, thoracic aorta, renal artery, lower limb artery, etc.), it is recommended that Treat with medication as soon as possible according to your doctor's instructions.
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