Discover the famous four great ancient capitals of China

Articles Jun 04, 2020 12:14

China is a country with a history of thousands of years with dozens of different feudal dynasties. Each dynasty settled in a different place.

Cities that were once the capital of Chinese feudal dynasties are always interesting places to visit. Let's find out about the famous four ancient capitals of China.

Discover the famous four great ancient capitals of China


Discover the famous four great ancient capitals of China

Xi'an, also known as Chang'an, is one of the four largest capitals in Chinese history. Today, the city is the capital of Shaanxi Province - China. Xi'an dating back more than 3,100 years and is considered the cradle of civilization of the Yellow River basin.

Historically, 13 Chinese dynasties including the Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang dynasties were stationed in Xi'an. At that time, Xi'an was called Chang'an (in Chinese meaning "eternal peace"), was a magnificent capital city, the city was always bustling with monumental temples and tombs.

Xi'an is also the end point in the East of the legendary Silk Road. People often compare the reputation of Xi'an with the capital Athens of Greece, Cairo of Egypt and Rome of Italy. Currently, Xi'an is one of China's most popular tourist destinations when it owns many famous attractions such as the Great Wall, Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, Shaanxi History Museum…

Discover the famous four great ancient capitals of China

About the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor

This historic area is about 35km to the east of Xi'an city center. Qin Shi Huang was the emperor who had great merit in unifying China. He ascended to the throne at the age of 13 and began building tombs at that time.

The tomb was built in 13 years with a large and majestic scale. Legend has it that the tomb has a circumference of about 2,000m and a height of over 100m but due to the impact of time and nature, the tomb's height is currently only about 47m. This tomb is very superficial and unique. In the tomb there is an underground palace, containing a lot of pearls and jewels.


Luoyang is a provincial city, located in the western part of Henan Province - China. Historically, Luoyang was the capital of 13 Chinese dynasties for more than 1,500 years, including the Eastern Zhou, Eastern Han and Northern Wei dynasties.

Luoyang was dubbed the "god capital" because this place is the cradle of Huaxia civilization. At the same time, In addition, Luoyang is also known as the “capital of the poet” or “flowers capital”.

The two most famous monuments in Luoyang

White Horse Temple

Discover the famous four great ancient capitals of China

Luoyang is the cradle of Chinese Buddhism. Among the famous Buddhist works of Luoyang, the White Horse Temple - China's first Buddhist temple is the most prominent. The temple was built in year 68. On the east side of the temple is a 13-storey tower.

White Horse Temple is associated with many ancient legends. Therefore, the temple is not only a place of worship for Buddhists but also an attractive destination for all visitors.

Longmen Cave

Discover the famous four great ancient capitals of China

In addition to White Horse Temple, Luoyang also owns another famous architectural work - the Longmen Cave. Longmen Cave is considered the model of the carvings and sculptures of Buddha images on the rocky cliffs. Longmen Cave is one of the three most famous ancient sculpture sites in China and were recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage site in 2000.

According to statistics, Longmen Cave has 2,345 caves, about 2,800 inscriptions and more than 100,000 Buddha statues dating from the Northern Wei and Tang dynasties. This place not only attracts the attention of historical and archaeological researchers but also a quite attractive destination for tourists everywhere.

In addition, Luoyang is also known as the paradise of nearly 200 of China's most beautiful peony species. Every year, many peony exhibitions are held in this city. Historically, peony has been used a lot in decoration and is one of the symbols of China. The planting of peonies in Luoyang has been popular since Sui - Tang period.


Beijing is the ancient capital and the current capital of China. The ancient capital of Beijing is the only large city in China that has existed for more than 3,000 years. What anyone can feel most clearly about this city is its both ancient, modern beauty, magnificent, modern and dynamic.

The most famous monuments in Beijing

Tiananmen Square

Discover the famous four great ancient capitals of China

Tiananmen Square is China's largest square, built in 1417 with an area of about 440,000m2. It has been a venue for many important Chinese political and historical events.

Tiananmen Square is located between two massive gates. Located along the west side of the square is the Great Hall of the People, along the east is the National Museum of Chinese History. In the center of the square is a memorial to Chairman Mao Zedong. The east and west areas of the square are full of trees, but the inside of the square is completely empty, without trees and seats.

Summer Palace

Discover the famous four great ancient capitals of China

Summer Palace in the northwest of Beijing city is the famous Royal garden architecture in the world. The two outstanding scenes of this garden are the Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake. In a total area of 294 acres, the lake area occupies 220 acres.

The main areas in Summer Palace include the administrative area, the scenic rest areas and landscapes.

Summer Palace is the typical name for traditional Chinese garden art, which is a beautiful landscape with lush green vegetation year-round. To this day, Summer Palace is still considered one of the most beautiful parks in the world.


Discover the famous four great ancient capitals of China

Currently, Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province - China. The city is also one of the four most famous ancient capitals in Chinese history.

Nanjing was the second largest trading center in East China (after Shanghai) during the Three Kingdoms period. It is also an important center of education, research, transportation and tourism in China in modern times. Nanjing city owns many beautiful landscapes, so it is also known as the emperor city of China.

The most prominent feature of Nanjing that is still intact to this day is the buildings built in the national style, dating back to 1949. In addition, Nanjing also has many famous mausoleums such as Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum, Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum...

Discover the famous four great ancient capitals of China

Besides, this city captures the hearts of visitors thanks to its cherry blossoms in full bloom in the spring. The best places to see cherry blossoms in spring in Nanjing are Jiming Pagoda, Nanjing Forestry University, Xuewu Lake, Lover's Garden ...

In addition, Nanjing also owns other famous destinations such as Fuzimiao (a Confucius Temple) - a place of worship for educators and thinkers of Confucius. This temple has been renovated to restore the original appearance. Although everything is new and beautiful, it retains the ancient and dignified features of the building.

Watch: BEIJING - China

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