Since ancient times, longevity has always been a topic of great concern. In today's life, although we cannot achieve "immortality", living a long life is no longer a dream.
According to the report "World Health Statistics 2018" published by the World Health Organization (WHO): The average life expectancy of Japanese people is 84 years old, becoming the country with the highest life expectancy in the world. How did Japan become the oldest country in the world?
According to experts, longevity is mainly related to four factors, namely genetics, living habits, habitat and medical conditions. Among them, genetics account for 20% and lifestyle habits account for 75%.
According to the survey, in living habits, eating habits are the most important. Some documents say that the average age of Japanese people after World War II is only 55 years old, but after changing their eating habits, their average life expectancy has increased and ranked first in the world. .
In the history of Japan, for a very long time people were banned from eating meats, meat products could only be considered a drug. During this time the fish became a substitute for meat, used by every family. So right after the ban was lifted, Japanese people were still not used to eating meat. According to the survey, a Japanese person can consume more than 50kg of fish per year.
Japanese people rarely eat too much, in their opinion, eating too much will damage the body, affect the digestion of food, and affect the normal functioning of the body. Other organs in the body. Therefore, each meal they eat only up to 8 servings (ie the body has a feeling of fullness, if you want to be able to continue eating), this helps them avoid obesity, reduce the incidence of diseases such as diabetes, blood fat, liver disease ...
Japan's Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare developed a "Guide to a Healthy Diet" in 1985, calling for people to try to eat about 30 foods a day, including spices. . They said that such a diet balances the nutrients. So even if they eat little, but eat a variety of foods, rich in nutrients.
Young Japanese know that chewing slowly can help extend life. The longer the chewing time, the more the nerves of the digestive system send to the brain, the feeling of fullness will come quickly, naturally will eat less, the burden of the digestive tract will also reduce.
The Japanese like to eat frugally, use relatively little oil, they also pay more attention to the original flavor of the food, and think that is also respect for foods.
The Japanese often eat raw foods such as lettuce, carrots, cucumbers, ... other foods are mainly cooked by steaming, boiling, then mixed with a little olive oil, to ensure nutrition. In food not destroyed by high temperatures, reduces fat entering the body, very good for health.
In general, in all 3 Japanese meals, there is a high content of carbohydrate. These carbohydrates come mainly from grains, vegetables and fruits. Fiber is not easily digested by the body, so it is slowly absorbed and will not quickly turn into fat.
The Japanese often choose seasonal food, they think that only in this way can take advantage of the most natural and original flavor of food.
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