It is recommended that for a healthy and fit body, you should just follow the rainbow and include a spectrum of colours in your diet. You must consume food from 5 different colour families.
The belief that 'you are what you eat' is very popular all across the world. Another belief that is popular around the world is that you should try to include foods of different colours in your diet and if both beliefs were true literally, it would be a very interesting world to live in. However, both beliefs may be true in their own respect, and important for a healthy body and life.
The basis of this recommendation is phytochemicals. Plants and fruits get their colour from phytochemicals or phytonutrients. Phytochemicals are compounds produced by the plants to keep itself and the humans who consume it, healthy.
Adding foods from different colours to your diet can help you consume a balanced diet, easily. A wide variety of colours will ensure a wide variety of nutrients and minerals that the body can get by the consumption of different food items.
Red food like apples, cherries, berries, etc. contains the phytonutrient lycopene which gives them a lovely colour. This phytonutrient is believed to battle cancer, heart diseases, improve eye health and help in cases of cataract, and also reduce symptoms of asthma.
The violet, purple or the blue family of colour contains anthocyanins which give foods of this colour like blueberries the deep, beautiful colour. Blue foods are rich in antioxidants and can help in treating colds, UTIs and also have anti-inflammatory properties. Other compounds and nutrients that are present in blue foods are lutein, vitamin C and zeaxanthin, all of which can help in boosting digestion and immunity.
The third colour family that you should include foods from, in your diet is the yellow/orange colour. Food from this family gets their colour from the phytonutrient carotenoids. These foods are rich in antioxidants and prevent diseases like cancer and heart problems. Yellow foods like mangoes, papayas and others are rich in vitamin A, which is great for improving eyesight and also for repairing muscles. This makes foods from this family a very good post-workout snack.
If you want the environment clean and healthy, you must go green, but you should also go green in your food choices if you are want to be healthy and fit in the long run. Green vegetables are extremely healthy and loaded with nutrients. They contain a range of phytonutrients that helps them fight cancer, improve immunity, boost metabolism and prevent cellular damage.
White/brown foods like potatoes, garlic, coconut, banana, whole grains, ginger, etc. are rich in a phytochemical called allicin. These foods help to reduce the cholesterol in the body and help in keeping the heart healthy. Some of these foods are high in fibre and help in diabetes management and reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.
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