The number of people who have hypertension, or high blood pressure, is increasing significantly, to an alarming rate worldwide.
According to estimates by the World Health Organization (WHO), there are currently 1.13 billion people globally living with high blood pressure and it is also one of the main causes of premature death.
Blood pressure levels that exceed the normal range (120/80 mm Hg) is a warning sign. A blood pressure reading above 140/90 mm Hg is defined as high blood pressure. If not controlled in time, this condition can lead to fatal diseases.
Salt and stress are considered to be the main culprits that cause hypertension. But there are other factors that cause this condition. Here are some unnoticed and unexpected agents that can cause high blood pressure.
In fact, sugar may be more harmful than salt in raising blood pressure. About 2 cans of carbonated soft drinks, equivalent to 700 grams, increased systolic blood pressure by 15 units and diastolic blood pressure by 9 units.
According to some estimates, diastolic blood pressure of lonely people can increase by 14 units over a 4-year period.
Sudden pain, or acute pain, can damage the nervous system, which can raise blood pressure.
This condition, called white-coat hypertension, can increase systolic blood pressure by 10 units and diastolic pressure by 5, according to experts. The spike is probably caused by the nervousness of going to the doctor.
A study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine indicated that untreated condition can increase the risk of cardiovascular problems and death.
Blood vessels become tense when the cells are dry or do not have enough water. This is how the body works.
If the amount of water in the cells decreases, the brain sends signals to the pituitary gland to release a chemical that shrinks blood vessels. Moreover, at this time, the kidneys are not producing enough urine, in order to retain fluids in the body. This also squeezes small blood vessels in the heart and brain.
If you do not sleep well, interrupted sleep will cause the nervous system to pump out chemicals that increase blood pressure. And lower blood oxygen levels also make it difficult to regulate blood pressure.
Some herbal supplements, such as ginseng, gingko (ginkgo), licorice, may increase blood pressure or counteract antihypertensive drugs.
An underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) causes fatigue and slows the heart rate, can make the arteries become less elastic, and thus raise blood pressure.
Research in middle-aged people showed that systolic blood pressure increased by about 4 units and diastolic blood pressure increased by 3 units if not going to the toilet every 3 hours.
Some medications can cause side effects that increase blood pressure, including:
- Analgesics, anti-inflammatory.
- Sinusitis medication.
- Medicines for depression.
Watch next: What is Hypotension (Low Blood Pressure)